The Montreal Protocol is signed to protect the ozone layer from depletion
The Summer Olympics, officially known as the games of the XXVII Olympiad, are opened in Sydney, Australia.
Finnish War: Russians defeat the Swedes at the Battle of Oravais.
An appeals court orders the University of Mississippi to admit James Meredith, the first African-American student admitted to the segregated university.
The USSR vetoes a United Nations Security Council Resolution deploring the Soviet destruction of Korean Air Lines Flight 007.
The U.S. embassy in Benghazi, Libya is attacked, resulting in four deaths.
World War II: The Canadian declaration of war on Germany receives royal assent.
Archaeologist Peter Marsden discovers the first of the Blackfriars Ships dating back to the second century AD in the Blackfriars area of the banks of the River Thames in London.
The Gotthard Road Tunnel opens in Switzerland as the world’s longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles (16.32 km) stretching from Göschenen to Airolo.
The Golden Dragon massacre takes place in San Francisco.