8 March 1974

Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.

Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport

Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle

Roissy Airport
Paris Aéroport logo.svg
Charles De Gaulle Airport.jpg
Airport typePublic
Owner/OperatorGroupe ADP
ServesParis, France
Location25 km (16 mi) NE of Paris
Hub for
  • Air France Cargo
  • FedEx Express
  • Focus city for
    Elevation AMSL119 m / 392 ft
    Coordinates49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778Coordinates: 49°00′35″N 002°32′52″E / 49.00972°N 2.54778°E / 49.00972; 2.54778
    CDG is located in Île-de-France (region)
    Location in Île-de-France
    CDG is located in France
    CDG (France)
    CDG is located in Europe
    CDG (Europe)
    Direction Length Surface
    m ft
    08L/26R 4,215 13,829 Asphalt
    08R/26L 2,700 8,858 Asphalt
    09L/27R 2,700 8,858 Asphalt
    09R/27L 4,200 13,780 Asphalt
    Statistics (2019)
    Aircraft movements498,175
    Cargo (metric tonnes)2,156,327
    • Source: AIP France[1]
    • Passenger Traffic & Aircraft Movements[2]
    Freight Movements[3]

    Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (French: Aéroport de Paris-Charles-de-Gaulle, IATA: CDG, ICAO: LFPG), also known as Roissy Airport, is the largest international airport in France and second busiest airport in Europe. Opened in 1974, it is located in Roissy-en-France, 23 km (14 mi) northeast of Paris. It is named after statesman Charles de Gaulle (1890–1970).

    Charles de Gaulle Airport is located within portions of several communes in Val-d'Oise, Seine-Saint-Denis and Seine-et-Marne.[1] It serves as the principal hub for Air France and a destination for other legacy carriers (from Star Alliance, Oneworld and SkyTeam), as well as a focus city for low-cost carriers easyJet, Vueling and Norwegian Air Shuttle. The Airport is operated by Groupe ADP under the brand Paris Aéroport.

    In 2019, the airport handled 76,150,007 passengers and 498,175 aircraft movements,[4] thus making it the world's tenth busiest airport and Europe's second busiest airport (after Heathrow) in terms of passenger numbers. Charles de Gaulle is also the busiest airport within the European Union. In terms of cargo traffic, the airport is the twelfth busiest in the world and the second busiest in Europe (after Frankfurt), handling 2,150,950 metric tonnes of cargo in 2012.[4]

    As of 2017, the airport offers direct flights to the most countries and hosts the most airlines in the world.[5] Marc Houalla has been the director of the airport since 12 February 2018.


    Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport covers 32.38 square kilometres (12.50 sq mi) of land. The airport area, including terminals and runways, spans over three départements and six communes:

    The choice of constructing an international aviation hub outside of central Paris was made due to a limited prospect of potential relocations or expropriations and the possibility of further expanding the airport in the future.

    Management of the airport lies solely on the authority of Groupe ADP, which also manages Orly (south of Paris), Le Bourget (to the immediate southwest of Charles de Gaulle Airport, now used for general aviation and Paris Air Shows), several smaller airfields in the suburbs of Paris, and other airports directly or indirectly worldwide.



    The planning and construction phase of what was known then as Aéroport de Paris Nord (Paris North Airport)[7] began in 1966. On 8 March 1974 the airport, renamed Charles de Gaulle Airport, opened. Terminal 1 was built in an avant-garde design of a ten-floors-high circular building surrounded by seven satellite buildings, each with six gates allowing sunlight to enter through apertures. The main architect was Paul Andreu, who was also in charge of the extensions during the following decades.

    Following the introduction of the brand Paris Aéroport to all its Parisian airports, Groupe ADP also announced major changes for the Charles de Gaulle Airport: Terminals of the Satellite 1 will be merged, as well as terminals 2B and 2D. A new luggage automated sorting system and conveyor under Terminal 2E Hall L was installed to speed luggage delivery time for airlines operating Paris-Charles de Gaulle's hub. The CDG Express, the direct express rail link from Paris to Charles de Gaulle Airport, is planned for completion by 2023.[8]

    Corporate identity

    The Frutiger typeface was commissioned for use in the airport and implemented on signs throughout the building in 1975. Initially called Roissy, it was renamed after its designer Adrian Frutiger.

    Until 2005, every PA announcement made at Terminal 1 was preceded by a distinctive chime, nicknamed "Indicatif Roissy" and composed by Bernard Parmegiani in 1971. The chime can be heard in the Roman Polanski film Frantic. The chime was officially replaced by the "Indicatif ADP" chime.

    On 14 April 2016, the Groupe ADP rolled out the Connect 2020 corporate strategy and the commercial brand Paris Aéroport was applied to all Parisian airports, including Le Bourget airport.[9]


    Airport Diagram
    Aerial view of Terminal 1
    Aerial view of Terminal 2A and 2B

    Charles de Gaulle Airport has three terminals: Terminal 1 is the oldest and situated opposite to Terminal 3; Terminal 2 is located at another side with 7 sub-terminal buildings (2A to 2G). Terminal 2 was originally built exclusively for Air France;[7] since then it has been expanded significantly and now also hosts other airlines. Terminals 2A to 2F are interconnected by elevated walkways and situated next to each other. Terminal 2G is a satellite building connected by shuttle bus.[7]

    Terminal 3 (formerly known as "Terminal 9") hosts charter and low-cost airlines. The CDGVAL light-rail shuttle connects Terminal 2 to Terminals 1/3 and their parking lots. Refer to Ground Transportation below for inter-terminal transfers and transport to central Paris.

    Terminal 1

    The first terminal, designed by Paul Andreu, was built in the image of an octopus. It consists of a circular terminal building which houses key functions such as check-in counters and baggage claim conveyors. Seven satellites with boarding gates are connected to the central building by underground walkways.

    The central building, with a large skylight in its centre, dedicates each floor to a single function. The first floor is reserved for technical operations and not accessible to the public. The second floor contains shops and restaurants, the CDGVAL inter-terminal shuttle train platforms (for Terminal 2 and trains to central Paris) and check-in counters from a recent renovation. The majority of check-in counters, however, are located on the third floor, which also has access to taxi stands, bus stops and special pick-up vehicles. Departing passengers with valid boarding passes can reach the fourth floor, which houses duty-free stores and border control posts, for the boarding gates. The fifth floor contains baggage claim conveyors for arriving passengers. All four upper floors have assigned areas for parking and airline offices.

    Passages between the third, fourth and fifth floors are provided by a tangle of escalators arranged through the centre of the building. These escalators are suspended over the central court. Each escalator is covered with a transparent tube to shelter from all weather conditions. These escalators were often used in film shootings (e.g. The Last Gang of Ariel Zeitoun). The Alan Parsons Project album I Robot features these escalators on its cover.

    Terminal 1 is used by mainly Star Alliance members except those who operate from Terminal 2.

    Terminal 2

    Terminal 2 is spread across seven sub-terminals: 2A to 2G. Terminals 2A to 2F are connected by inter-terminal walkways, but Terminal 2G is a satellite building 800 m (0.5 mi) away. Terminal 2G can only be accessed by shuttle bus from Terminals 1, 2A to 2F and 3. The CDGVAL inter-terminal shuttle train, Paris RER Regional-Express and high-speed TGV rail station, Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV, is located within the Terminal 2 complex and between 2C and 2E (on one side) or 2D and 2F (on the opposite side).

    Terminal 2F was used for the filming of the music video for the U2 song "Beautiful Day". The band also had their picture taken inside Terminal 2F for the album artwork of their 2000 album All That You Can't Leave Behind.

    Terminal 2 is used by Air France, all SkyTeam and Oneworld airlines, some Star Alliance members (most operate from Terminal 1) and other airlines.

    Collapse of Terminal 2E

    Collapsed Terminal 2E, June 2004
    Map of terminal 2 various halls

    On 23 May 2004, shortly after the inauguration of terminal 2E, a portion of it collapsed near Gate E50, killing four people.[10] Two of the dead were reported to be Chinese citizens, one Czech and the other Lebanese.[11] Three other people were injured in the collapse. Terminal 2E had been inaugurated in 2003 after some delays in construction and was designed by Paul Andreu. Administrative and judicial enquiries were started. Andreu also designed Terminal 3 at Dubai International Airport, which collapsed while under construction on 28 September 2004.

    Before this accident, ADP had been planning for an initial public offering in 2005 with the new terminal as a major attraction for investors. The partial collapse and indefinite closing of the terminal just before the beginning of summer seriously hurt the airport's business plan.

    In February 2005, the results from the administrative inquiry were published. The experts pointed out that there was no single fault, but rather a number of causes for the collapse, in a design that had little margin for safety. The inquiry found the concrete vaulted roof was not resilient enough and had been pierced by metallic pillars and some openings weakened the structure. Sources close to the inquiry also disclosed that the whole building chain had worked as close to the limits as possible, so as to reduce costs. Paul Andreu denounced the building companies for having not correctly prepared the reinforced concrete.

    On 17 March 2005, ADP decided to tear down and rebuild the whole part of Terminal 2E (the "jetty") of which a section had collapsed, at a cost of approximately €100 million.[12] The reconstruction replaced the innovative concrete tube style of the jetty with a more traditional steel and glass structure. During reconstruction, two temporary departure lounges were constructed in the vicinity of the terminal that replicated the capacity of 2E before the collapse. The terminal reopened completely on 30 March 2008.

    Terminal 2G

    Terminal 2, former display screen
    Air France aircraft on stands at Terminal 2F at Charles de Gaulle Airport.

    Terminal 2G, dedicated to regional Air France and HOP! flights and its affiliates, opened in 2008. This terminal is to the east of all terminals and can only be reached by shuttle bus. Terminal 2G is used for passengers flying in the Schengen Area (and thus has no passport control) and handles Air France regional and European traffic and provides small-capacity planes (up to 150 passengers) with a faster turnaround time than is currently possible by enabling them to park close to the new terminal building and boarding passengers primarily by bus, or walking. A bus line called "navette orange" connects the terminal 2G inside the security check area with terminals 2E and 2F. Passengers transferring to other terminals need to continue their trip with other bus shuttles within the security check area if they do not need to get their bags.

    Terminal 2E Hall L (Satellite 3)

    The completion of 750 m (2,460 ft) long Satellite 3 (or S3) to the immediate east of Terminals 2E and 2F provides further jetways for large-capacity airliners, specifically the Airbus A380. Check-in and baggage handling are provided by the existing infrastructure in Terminals 2E and 2F. Satellite 3 was opened in part on 27 June 2007 and fully operational in September 2007. It corresponds now to gates L of terminal 2E.

    Terminal 2E Hall M (Satellite 4)

    The satellite S4, adjacent to the S3 and part of terminal 2E, officially opened on 28 June 2012. It corresponds now to gates M of terminal 2E. Dedicated to long-haul flights, it has the ability to handle 16 aircraft at the same time, with an expected capacity of 7.8 million passengers per year. Its opening has led to the relocation of all SkyTeam airlines to terminals 2E (for international carriers), 2F (for Schengen European carriers) and 2G.


    Air France has moved all of its operations previously located at 2C to 2E. In October 2012, 2F closed its international operations and became completely Schengen, allowing for all Air France flights currently operating in 2D to relocate to terminal 2F. Further, in April 2013, Terminal 2B closed for a complete renovation (all airlines relocated to 2D) and will receive upgrades including the addition of a second floor completely dedicated to arrivals. Once 2B is completed, 2D will close and receive similar upgrades, including the addition of a new floor. Low-cost carrier easyJet has shown its interest in being the sole carrier at 2B.[13] To facilitate connections, a new boarding area between 2A and 2C was opened in March 2012. It allows for all security and passport control to be handled in a single area, allows for many new shopping opportunities as well as new airline lounges, and eases transfer restrictions between 2A and 2C.

    According to La Tribune newspaper a new Terminal 4 is likely to be built around 2025, when Charles de Gaulle Airport's maximum capacity of 80 million will be reached. This new Terminal 4, when constructed, will be able to accommodate 30–40 million passengers per year and will most likely be built north of Terminal 2E.[14]

    Terminal 3

    Terminal 3 is located 1 km (0.62 mi) away from Terminal 1. It consists of one single building for arrivals and departures. The walking distance between Terminals 1 and 3 is 3 km (1.9 mi) long, however, the rail station (named as "CDG Airport Terminal 1") for RER and CDGVAL trains are only at a distance of 300 m (980 ft). Terminal 3 has no boarding gates constructed and all passengers are ferried via boarding buses to the aircraft stands.


    Roissypôle is a complex consisting of office buildings, shopping areas, hotels, and a bus coach and RER B station within Charles de Gaulle Airport. The complex includes the head office of Air France,[15] Continental Square,[16] the Hilton Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport,[17] and le Dôme building. Le Dôme includes the head office of Air France Consulting, an Air France subsidiary.[18] Continental Square has the head office of Air France subsidiary Servair[19] and the Air France Vaccinations Centre.[20]

    Airlines and destinations


    Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
    Seasonal: Corfu,[21] Heraklion, Kalamata, Rhodes
    Aer Lingus Cork, Dublin
    Seasonal: Shannon[22]
    Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
    Aeroméxico Mexico City
    Air Algérie Algiers, Annaba, Béjaïa, Biskra, Chlef, Constantine, Oran
    Seasonal: El Oued, Tlemcen
    Air Arabia Maroc Fez, Marrakesh, Tangier
    Air Astana Almaty (resumes 25 October 2020)[23]
    Air Austral Saint-Denis de la Réunion
    Seasonal: Dzaoudzi
    airBaltic Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius
    Air Canada[24] Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
    Air Cairo[25] Hurghada, Luxor
    Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Shanghai–Pudong
    Air Corsica Seasonal: Bastia
    Air Europa Málaga, Valencia
    Air France[26] Aberdeen, Abidjan, Abuja, Accra, Alicante, Algiers, Amman–Queen Alia, Amsterdam, Antananarivo, Athens, Atlanta, Bamako, Bangalore, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bangui, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Bergen, Berlin–Tegel, Biarritz, Bilbao, Billund, Birmingham, Bogotá, Bologna, Bordeaux, Boston, Brazzaville, Bremen, Brest, Bucharest, Budapest, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Cairo, Cancún, Cape Town, Caracas, Casablanca, Catania, Cayenne, Chennai (resumes 30 March 2021),[27][28] Chicago–O'Hare, Clermont-Ferrand, Conakry, Copenhagen, Cotonou, Dakar–Diass, Delhi, Detroit, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai–International, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Faro, Florence, Fortaleza, Frankfurt, Freetown, Geneva, Genoa, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Hanover, Havana, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kiev–Boryspil, Kinshasa–N'djili, Kraków, Lagos, Libreville, Lima, Lisbon, Ljubljana, Lomé, London–Heathrow, Lorient, Los Angeles, Luanda, Lyon, Madrid, Malabo, Malaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Marseille, Mauritius, Mexico City, Miami, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Monrovia,[29] Montpellier, Montréal–Trudeau, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Mumbai, Munich, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Nantes, Naples, N'Djamena, Newcastle upon Tyne, New York–JFK, Niamey, Nice, Nouakchott, Nuremberg, Oran, Osaka–Kansai, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ouagadougou, Palma de Mallorca, Panama City–Tocumen, Papeete, Pau, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Porto, Prague, Punta Cana, Quito, Rabat, Rennes, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint-Denis de la Réunion, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, San José de Costa Rica, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Seville, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, St. Maarten, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tel Aviv, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Toulouse, Tunis, Turin, Valencia, Vancouver, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Wrocław, Yaoundé, Yerevan, Zagreb, Zurich
    Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bari, Cagliari, Cork, Dallas/Fort Worth, Djerba,[30] Dubrovnik, Heraklion, Ibiza, Mahé, Malé, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mykonos,[30] Olbia, Palermo, Perpignan, Santorini,[30] Sofia, Split, Tbilisi, Thessaloniki[30]
    Air India Delhi
    Air Madagascar Antananarivo
    Air Malta Malta
    Air Mauritius Mauritius
    Air Saint-Pierre Seasonal: Saint-Pierre
    Air Senegal Dakar–Diass[31]
    Air Serbia Belgrade
    Air Tahiti Nui Los Angeles, Papeete
    Air Transat Montréal–Trudeau, Québec City, Toronto–Pearson
    Alitalia Milan–Linate, Rome–Fiumicino
    All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda
    American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, New York–JFK, Philadelphia
    Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare
    AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[32]
    Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv
    Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
    ASL Airlines France Algiers, Pau,[33] Tel Aviv
    Seasonal: Calvi, Chlef, Djerba,[34] Oujda
    Atlantic Airways Seasonal: Vágar[35]
    Austrian Airlines Vienna
    Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
    Belavia Minsk
    Blue Air Turin
    British Airways London–Heathrow
    Brussels Airlines Brussels
    Bulgaria Air Sofia
    Cabo Verde Airlines Sal
    Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
    China Eastern Airlines Qingdao,[36] Shanghai–Pudong
    China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
    Corendon Airlines Antalya
    Croatia Airlines Zagreb
    Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula, Split, Zadar
    Czech Airlines Prague
    Delta Air Lines[37] Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Indianapolis, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, Seattle/Tacoma
    easyJet[38] Barcelona, Belfast–International, Berlin–Schönefeld, Berlin–Tegel, Biarritz, Bristol, Budapest, Catania, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Faro, Glasgow, Kraków, Lanzarote, Lisbon, Liverpool, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, London–Southend, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakesh, Milan–Linate, Milan–Malpensa, Nice, Pau, Porto, Tel Aviv, Toulouse, Venice
    Seasonal: Ajaccio, Bastia, Bilbao, Corfu, Figari, Fuerteventura, Heraklion, Ibiza, Menorca, Montpellier, Mykonos, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Split, Tenerife–South
    EgyptAir Cairo
    Seasonal: Luxor
    El Al[39] Tel Aviv
    Emirates Dubai–International
    Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
    Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
    Eurowings Düsseldorf, Hamburg
    EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan
    Finnair Helsinki
    Seasonal: Kittilä[40]
    FlyOne Seasonal: Chișinău[41]
    Georgian Airways Tbilisi
    Gulf Air Bahrain
    Hainan Airlines Chongqing,[42] Guiyang,[43] Shenzhen,[44] Xi'an
    Iberia Express Madrid
    Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
    Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini[45]
    Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv
    Japan Airlines Tokyo–Haneda
    Jet2.com Leeds/Bradford
    Kenya Airways Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta
    KLM Amsterdam
    Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
    Kuwait Airways Kuwait City
    LATAM Brasil São Paulo–Guarulhos
    LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
    Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
    Luxair Luxembourg
    Middle East Airlines Beirut
    Montenegro Airlines Podgorica
    Seasonal: Tivat
    Norwegian Air Shuttle[46] Copenhagen, Fort Lauderdale, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Orlando, Oslo–Gardermoen, San Francisco, Stockholm–Arlanda
    Seasonal:Bergen, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare,[47] Denver, Helsinki
    Oman Air Muscat
    Pegasus Airlines Ankara[48]
    Qatar Airways Doha
    Rossiya Saint Petersburg
    Royal Air Maroc Casablanca
    Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
    Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh
    Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Gothenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
    Seasonal: Stavanger
    Singapore Airlines Singapore
    SmartWings[49] Seasonal: Heraklion, Podgorica, Prague, Rhodes, Tenerife–South
    SunExpress Ankara,[50] Antalya, İzmir
    Swiss International Air Lines Zurich
    TAROM Bucharest
    Tassili Airlines Algiers
    Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
    TUIfly Belgium[51] Casablanca[52]
    Seasonal: Málaga, Oujda,[52] Rabat[52]
    Seasonal charter: Longyearbyen
    Tunisair Djerba, Monastir, Tozeur
    Turkish Airlines Ankara, Istanbul
    Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
    United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark,[53] San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
    Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg
    Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent,[54] Urgench
    Vietnam Airlines Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City
    Vueling[55] Barcelona, Bilbao, Copenhagen, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, London–Gatwick, Madrid, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Venice
    Seasonal: Dubrovnik,[56] Ibiza
    WestJet Seasonal: Calgary, Halifax
    XiamenAir Fuzhou[57]


    AirBridgeCargo Moscow–Sheremetyevo[58]
    Air France Cargo Algiers, Antananarivo, Atlanta, Bahrain, Bamako, Bangui, Boston, Brazzaville, Cairo, Casablanca, Chicago–O'Hare, Dammam, Djibouti, Douala, Dubai–International, Dublin, Guadalajara, Hanoi, Hong Kong, Houston–Intercontinental, Istanbul–Atatürk, Jeddah, Kuwait, Mexico City, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, N'Djamena, Niamey, New York–JFK, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Pointe-Noire, Port Harcourt, Porto, Glasgow-Prestwick, Saint Denis de la Réunion, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Tokyo–Narita, Toronto–Pearson, Tripoli, Tunis
    ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
    ASL Airlines France Bordeaux, Brest, Lorient, Lourdes, Lyon, Nantes, Nice, Pau, Toulouse
    Cathay Pacific Cargo Delhi, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, London–Heathrow, Mumbai
    China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
    China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
    China Southern Cargo Guangzhou, Vienna
    DHL Aviation Casablanca, Cincinnati, Leipzig/Halle, London–Heathrow
    Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-Al Maktoum[59]
    Europe Airpost Longyearbyen
    FedEx Express Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Birmingham, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Stansted, Madrid, Memphis, Milan–Malpensa, Mumbai, Munich, Newark, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv, Tokyo–Narita, Vienna
    FedEx Feeder Belfast–International, Berlin–Schönefeld, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanover, Lyon, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Shannon, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Warsaw–Chopin
    Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon
    MNG Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Istanbul–Atatürk, London–Luton
    Swiftair Madrid
    Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk
    UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Louisville, Philadelphia

    Ground transportation

    Terminal 2, CDGVAL station
    Terminal 2E, LISA station
    RER station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV
    Train station of Aéroport Charles de Gaulle 2 TGV


    The airport's terminals are served by a free automated shuttle rail system, consisting of two lines (CDGVAL and LISA). The shuttle train connects both railway stations for Terminals 1/3 and Terminal 2 in 8 minutes. It is based on the VAL design used in several French cities.


    Charles de Gaulle airport is connected to central Paris by the RER B Regional-Express services.[60] During off-peak hours and weekends, there are two types of services:

    1. 4 trains per hour to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse calling at all intermediate stations to Cité Universitaire, then Bourg-la-Reine, La Croix de Berny, Antony, Massy–Palaiseau and then all stations to Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse.
    2. 4 trains per hour to Massy–Palaiseau (on the Saint-Rémy line), non-stop express until Gare du Nord and then all stations to Massy–Palaiseau.

    The express RER B only calls at the railway stations of Terminal 1 (also for Terminal 3) and Terminal 2 before Gare du Nord. Journey time is 30–35 minutes. The stopping RER B takes about 35–40 minutes and is sometimes overtaken by the express RER B trains.

    RER B is jointly operated by SNCF and RATP (Transport for Paris), but the Regional-Express used to suffer from slowness and overcrowding. For these reasons, French authorities have started two projects: CDG Express,[61] which is supposed to link Charles de Gaulle Airport to Paris Gare de l'Est railway station (next to Gare du Nord) from 2023 with trains specifically designed for air travellers; RER B Nord Plus,[62] which modernised and streamlined RER B rail traffic and network north of Gare du Nord from 2008 to 2013 then renovated the trains from 2010 to 2015.


    Terminal 2 includes a TGV station on the LGV Interconnexion Est high-speed line. SNCF operates direct TGV services to several French stations from CDG, including Lille, Strasbourg, Dijon, Lyon, Avignon TGV, Marseille, Montpellier, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Nantes, Poitiers, Rennes, Toulon, as well as services to Brussels in Belgium.


    After the last RER B service at 23:50, the Noctilien (Night Lines) N143 and N140 depart every 30 minutes and hour respectively from Terminal 1 Door D12, Terminal 2F Door 2 and Roissypôle coach station. Both bus lines run to Paris Gare de l'Est railway station.

    Long-distance bus

    Since 17 December 2012, SNCF's national and international coach network, OUIBUS, serves Charles de Gaulle Airport, by terminal 3, station CDG 1 to London, Lyon, Lille and Brussels. Flixbus serves CDG from at least Brussels and Amsterdam.


    Charles de Gaulle Airport is directly connected to Autoroute A1 which connects Paris and Lille.

    Alternative airports

    The two other airports serving Paris are Orly Airport (south of Paris, the other major airport in Paris) and Le Bourget Airport (for general aviation and private jets).

    Several low-cost airlines also advertise Beauvais–Tillé Airport and Châlons Vatry Airport, respectively 85 kilometres (53 mi) and 165 kilometres (103 mi) from Paris proper, as serving "Paris" with Paris–Beauvais and Paris–Vatry. Beauvais airport has no railway connections, but there is a shuttle bus to central Paris 15 times daily.

    Accidents and incidents

    • On 6 January 1993, Lufthansa Flight 5634 from Bremen to Paris, which was carried out under the Lufthansa CityLine brand using a Contact Air Dash 8–300 (registered D-BEAT), hit the ground 1,800 metres (5,900 ft) short of the runway of Charles de Gaulle Airport, resulting in the death of four out of the 23 passengers on board. The four crew members survived. The accident occurred after the pilot had to abort the final approach to the airport because the runway had been closed: the aircraft immediately ahead, a Korean Air Boeing 747, had suffered a blown tire upon landing.[64]
    • On 25 July 2000, a Concorde, Air France Flight 4590 from Charles de Gaulle to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York, crashed into Les Relais Bleus Hotel in Gonesse, killing everyone on the aircraft and four people on the ground. Investigations concluded that a tire burst on take-off due to metal left on the runway from a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 that departed shortly before, leading to a ruptured fuel tank and resulting in engine failure and other damage. Concorde was conducting a charter flight for a German tour company.
    • On 25 May 2001, a freight-carrying Short SH36 (operated as Streamline flight 200), departing to Luton, England, collided on the runway with departing Air Liberté flight 8807, an MD-83 jet. The first officer of the SH36 was killed when the wing tip of the MD-83 tore through his side of the flight deck. The captain was slightly injured and all others aboard survived.


    Charles de Gaulle Airport Passenger Totals (millions)
    Source: Airports Council International[citation needed]
    Countries served by CDG

    The following table shows total passenger numbers.[65][66]

    Year Passengers
    2019 76,150,007 (+5.4%)
    2018 72,229,723 (+4%)
    2017 69,471,442 (+5.4%)
    2016 65,933,145 (+0.3%)
    2015 65,766,986 (+3.1%)
    2014 63,813,756 (+2.8%)
    2013 62,052,917 (+0.7%)
    2012 61,611,934 (+1%)
    2011 60,970,551 (+4.8%)
    2010 58,167,062 (+0.5%)
    2009 57,906,866 (−4.3%)
    2008 60,874,681 (+1.5%)
    Busiest Domestic Routes to/from Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport (2018)[67]
    Rank Airport Passengers 2018 Change %
    1 Nice–Côte d'Azur 984,158 Increase8.2
    2 Toulouse–Blagnac 908,520 Decrease2.1
    3 Marseille–Provence 673,602 Decrease2.4
    4 Bordeaux–Mérignac 620,782 Decrease5.5
    5 Lyon–Saint–Exupéry 479,025 Decrease7.9
    6 Réunion–Roland Garros 405,430 Decrease6.1
    7 Nantes–Atlantique 380,476 Decrease8.6
    8 Montpellier–Méditerranée 364,314 Decrease5.4
    9 Biarritz–Pays Basque 294,647 Increase16.1
    10 Brest–Bretagne 251,130 Increase3.8
    Busiest European Routes to/from Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport (2019)[67]
    Rank Airport Passengers 2019
    1 Spain Barcelona–El Prat 1,360,998
    2 Italy Rome–Fiumicino 1,304,921
    3 United Kingdom London–Heathrow 1,255,227
    4 Netherlands Amsterdam 1,235,131
    5 Spain Madrid–Barajas 1,108,561
    6 Italy Milan-Malpensa 1,083,693
    7 Germany Frankfurt 1,041,528
    8 Germany Munich 1,014,084
    9 Austria Vienna 942,651
    10 Germany Berlin-Tegel 864,627
    Busiest Intercontinental Routes to/from Paris Charles de Gaulle International Airport (2019)[67]
    Rank Airport Passengers 2019
    1 United States New York–JFK 1,675,872 Increase3.5
    2 United Arab Emirates Dubai–International 1,362,978 Increase1.5
    3 Canada Montreal–Trudeau 1,185,762 Increase5.2
    4 United States Los Angeles 1,066,685 Increase20.4
    5 China Shanghai–Pudong 970,989 Increase6.0
    6 United States Atlanta 849,736 Increase7.8
    7 Israel Tel Aviv 841,807 Decrease2.7
    8 Qatar Doha 749,965 Increase9.1
    9 South Korea Seoul 686,872 Increase3.7
    10 United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 619,758 Increase23.8

    See also


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    External links

    Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
    Download coordinates as: KML · GPX


    Collapse of Terminal 2E

    8 March 1936

    Daytona Beach race track holds its first oval stock car race.

    Even though the new crop of NASCAR race cars mimics the look of models on the road, they’re still anything but stock — at least until Toyota sells a Camry with rear-wheel-drive and a V-8.

    But when the first stock car race was held at Daytona Beach on March 8, 1936, drivers brought their own street-legal open tops, coupes and saloons to the race. The grueling 3.2-mile course didn’t discriminate against aerodynamic tricks or windshield angle; it simply demanded that a car survive its grueling, pit-filled sandy turns.

    Marred with scoring controversy, stalled cars and mid-corner mash-ups, the race was stopped after 72 of the 78 laps, and the $1,700 prize went to driver Milt Marion. As the vintage video below shows, more regulation couldn’t have hurt for the chaotic event.

    8 March 1974

    Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France.

    Charles-de-Gaulle Airport keeps busy as Europe’s second largest airport, moving 62 million passengers in 2013, but as it celebrates 40 it is poised to further enhance its image and accommodate even more growth.

    The proposal to develop Charles-de-Gaulle, and the selection of the site 25 km north-east of Paris originally began in 1964, with construction on Terminal 1 starting in 1968. It was inaugurated on March 8, 1974, by then Prime Minister Pierre Messmer, and opened for business on March 13 with the much celebrated arrival of a TWA Boeing 747 from New York. The original circular terminal, considered at the very edge of the avant-garde at the time, was designed by architect Paul Andreu, with capacity to host 10 million passengers.

    Over the years, it has added the equally iconic Terminal 2, with its first two undulating modules opening in 1982. It has celebrated a number of key milestones since then, establishing the smaller Terminal three for charter and low-cost flights in 1991, adding 2E as a dedicated terminal for Air France and Skyteam in 2003, and the additional introductions of Terminal 2G, Lobby K, Hall L, and Hall M, in 2008 and 2012.

    The Skift Daily newsletter puts you ahead of everyone about the future of travel. Subscribe now.

    This January, it shared its future vision of incorporating the door-to-door passenger experience recommended by key aviation design firms, with the announcement by Transport Minister Frédéric Cuvillier of a restart for the CDG Express project, which will provide direct rail link between the City of Lights and the airport.

    As it turns 40, Charles-de-Gaulle, can celebrate with 80 million candles, one for every passenger in its present capacity, which represents 70% growth compared to 2006. A spokesperson for Paris Airports tells us Charles-de-Gaulle expects a “huge increase in capacity over the next 10 years,” with passenger numbers expected to double over the next twenty years. Roissy-Charles-de-Gaulle has already begun plans to develop Terminal 4, in order to accommodate this significant additional demand, and they intend to keep their lead among Europe’s Airports.

    With present Visa restrictions at Heathrow, and passenger growth originating from a number of countries which would benefit from the versatility of Schengen Agreement connections, Paris in the second spot, Frankfurt in the third, and Amsterdam a close fourth will contend with other European airports which intend to expand their services; in what will certainly prove to be an exciting competition for the number one spot.

    In anticipation of that competition, and in order to ensure the greatest mutual benefit of future traffic from Asian Markets, Aéroports de Paris, and Schiphol Group renewed their cooperation with Incheon International Airport this January, by signing a new strategic partnership. The partnership involves an “exchange of good practices” in the areas of “aeronautical activities, airport retail, cargo and human resources.”

    This present agreement signed on January 20 will be in effect for the next four years. Key team members of all three airport companies will continue the cooperation they began in meetings held in Paris, Amsterdam and Seoul, over the past three years, and discuss the challenges of their Airport City concept, and the needs of international passengers.

    For its part, Charles-de-Gaulle intends to celebrate it’s gorgeous 40th by hosting a series of special events, which it is being very coy about and will announce this Friday.

    8 March 1736

    Nader Shah, from the Afsharid dynasty, is crowned Shah of Iran.

    N?der Sh?h Afsh?r ruled as Shah of Iran and was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty. Because of his military genius, some historians have described him as the Napoleon of Persia[2] or the Second Alexander. Nader Shah was a member of the Turkmen Afshar tribe of northern Persia, which had supplied military power to the Safavid state since the time of Shah Ismail I.

    Nader rose to power during a period of anarchy in Persia after a rebellion by Afghans had overthrown the weak Shah Soltan Hossein and both the Ottomans and the Russians had seized Persian territory for themselves. Nader reunited the Persian realm and removed the invaders. He became so powerful that he decided to depose the last members of the Safavid dynasty, which had ruled Persia for over 200 years, and become shah himself in 1736. His campaigns created a great Iranian Empire that briefly encompassed what is now Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of the Caucasus region, and parts of Central Asia, but his military spending had a ruinous effect on the Persian economy.

    Nader idolized Genghis Khan and Timur, the previous conquerors from Central Asia. Nader imitated their military prowess and—especially later in his reign—their cruelty. Nader Shah’s victories briefly made him the Middle East’s most powerful sovereign, but his empire quickly disintegrated after he was assassinated in 1747. Nader Shah has been described as “the last great Asian military conqueror.”