31 December 2014

A New Year’s Eve celebration stampede in Shanghai kills at least 36 people and injures 49 others.

2014 Shanghai stampede
2014年跨年夜上海外滩陈毅广场踩踏事件
2014 Shanghai stampede.JPG
Aftermath
Date31 December 2014 (2014-12-31)
LocationThe Bund, Shanghai, China
Coordinates31°14′16.9″N 121°29′10.1″E / 31.238028°N 121.486139°E / 31.238028; 121.486139
Deaths36
Non-fatal injuries49

On December 31, 2014, a deadly crush occurred in Shanghai, near Chen Yi Square on the Bund, where around 300,000 people had gathered for the new year celebration. 36 people were killed and another were 49 injured, 13 seriously.[1]

Cause

The incident began at about 23:35 local time on New Year's Eve. The crush centered on a stairway leading up to a viewing platform overlooking the river. Some people were trying to climb to the platform while others were trying to go down, causing panic and confusion.[2][3] People standing on the steps to the viewing platform began to fall down the stairs, collapsing into each other.[4]

There were reports that a planned New Year's light show had been canceled at the last minute and that the crowd control measures required for such a show were not in place.[5]

Rumors of cash coupons

External video
Video (in Chinese)

Early reports stated that people were throwing cash coupons resembling U.S. dollars into the crowd.[6] One of the victims stated that cash coupons were thrown onto the street from a bar and that several of the people had rushed to grab them.[7] However, the Shanghai police later denied social media reports that the stampede was triggered by people stopping to pick up coupons, saying that "video footage showed that the bills had been thrown after the crush took place".[3] An 18-year-old witness told news portal Sina: "I've seen people saying that the stampede happened because people were throwing fake money. But I don't think that's the main reason — there was so much distance, there's no way the money could have blown over to the viewing platform."[2]

Rescue

Site near the stampede on 1 January
A girl mourning for the victims

At approximately 23:50, people started to realize the danger and began to retreat from the crowd.[8] The police at the scene also started to instruct people to evacuate from the second level. At 23:55, police and citizens had formed a wall to make way for ambulances.[8][9] The injured were then sent to local hospitals.[8]

After the accident, the government of Shanghai formed a working group to coordinate the rescue, led by mayor Yang Xiong.[10]

The identities of all victims have been confirmed, according to the local government.[11] The youngest victim was 12 years old.[11]

As a result of the stampede, similar New Year celebration events on December 31, 2015 were cancelled.

Response

Central government

President and General Secretary of the Communist Party Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang ordered the Shanghai government to "go all out" in its rescue efforts.[12] On January 1, Xi and Li called for an immediate investigation into the source of the accident.[12] Xi Jinping also said a profound lesson should be learned from the incident.[12]

Shanghai government

The local government cancelled all New Year celebration activities on January 1, including the New Year's marathon and Shanghai Tower light show.[13][14] Guyi Garden, Fangta Garden and Yu Garden's Lantern Festival were also cancelled.[15] On the morning of the 1st, citizens mourned for the victims at the Bund.[16]

Media

This stampede was front page on local newspapers on the morning of January 1.[17][18] The media needed to seek authorization for reporting this news, which was impossible to obtain at midnight.[19] The official WeChat account of local government released relevant news at 9 a.m. the next day.[20]

Media reports indicated that the cancellation of a planned light show led to a reduction in the number of police assigned to the event, resulting in only 700 police officers (as compared to 6000 in 2013) at the scene. However, the crowd was no smaller than in previous years, possibly because a scaled-down version of the light show was being held at different venue with a similar name.[4]

Media outlets have faced criticism for publishing personal information posted online by victims or their families.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Shanghai new year crush kills 35". BBC News. 31 December 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Shanghai: dozens killed and injured in stampede at new year celebrations". The Guardian. 1 January 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Shanghai crush: Xi Jinping orders new year investigation". BBC. 2 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Sequence of errors led to Shanghai stampede". Washington Post.
  5. ^ a b "Shanghai Stampede: Chinese Media Criticized Amid Conflicting Reports And Confusion". International Business Times. 3 January 2015.
  6. ^ 上海踩踏事故原因仍在调查中 确认有人现场撒钱 (in Chinese). 中国新闻网. 中国广播网. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  7. ^ Jourdan, Adam (1 January 2014). "Shanghai New Year's Eve stampede kills 35 after fake money thrown from building". Reuters. Shanghai. Retrieved Jan 1, 2015.
  8. ^ a b c 上海外滩踩踏事故时间还原 (in Chinese). Netease. 1 January 2015.
  9. ^ 上海外滩踩踏现场:有人自发手拉手维持秩序 (in Chinese). Tencent. 1 January 2015.
  10. ^ 上海成立工作组处置外滩踩踏事件 (in Chinese). Government of Shanghai. 1 January 2015.
  11. ^ a b 上海外滩踩踏事件36位遇难者名单全部公布. People's Daily (in Chinese). 3 January 2015.
  12. ^ a b c "Xi demands immediate investigation into Shanghai stampede" (in Chinese). Xinhuanet. 2 January 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  13. ^ 杨静 (2015-01-01). "外滩陈毅广场发生踩踏事件 上海取消元旦所有跨年活动". Eastday.com. Retrieved 2015-01-01.
  14. ^ 外滩陈毅广场发生踩踏事件 上海取消元旦所有跨年活动 (in Chinese). Xinhuanet. January 1, 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-01-01. Retrieved 2015-01-02.
  15. ^ Xinmin Evening News (2015-01-10). "本市取消豫园等三大灯会". Netease. Retrieved 2015-01-11.
  16. ^ 上海市民自发在外滩祭奠逝者. People's Daily (in Chinese). 1 January 2015.
  17. ^ 东方早报 - 2015年1月1日 - 封面
  18. ^ 文汇报 - 2015年1月1日 - 封面
  19. ^ "上海踩踏事件敲响纸媒丧钟". 163.com. 3 January 2015.
  20. ^ 上海发布 - 外滩陈毅广场昨夜发生拥挤踩踏事故,致数十人伤亡

External links

31 December 1501

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The battle is also historically notable for being one of the earliest recorded deliberate uses of a naval line of battle, and for resolving the battle by cannon alone. These tactics would become increasingly prevalent as navies evolved and began to see ships less as carriers of armed men, and more as floating artillery. In that respect, this has been called the first ‘modern’ naval battle at least for one side. After it, João da Nova returned to Portugal.

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