2 April 2014

A spree shooting occurs at the Fort Hood army base in Texas, with four dead, including the gunman, and 16 others injured.

2014 Fort Hood shooting
Bell FortHood.svg
Location of the main cantonment of Fort Hood in Bell County
LocationFort Hood, Texas, U.S.
Coordinates31°8′33″N 97°47′47″W / 31.14250°N 97.79639°W / 31.14250; -97.79639
DateApril 2, 2014 (2014-04-02)
c. 4:00 p.m. – c. 4:08 p.m.[1] (CDT)
Attack type
Spree shooting, shooting, murder-suicide
Weapons.45-caliber Smith & Wesson M&P semi-automatic pistol[2]
Deaths4 (including the perpetrator)[3][4][5]
Injured14 (12 by gunfire)[6]
PerpetratorIvan Lopez[7]

On April 2, 2014, a shooting spree was perpetrated at several locations on the Fort Hood military base near Killeen, Texas. Four people, including the gunman, were killed while 14 additional people were injured; 12 by gunshot wounds.[6][8][9] The shooter, 34-year-old Army Specialist Ivan Lopez, died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.

Shootings

Immediately prior to the shooting, Lopez went to the 49th Transportation Battalion administrative office where he tried to obtain a ten-day leave form so he could attend to "family matters". However, he was informed that he would have to come back later to retrieve it, sparking a verbal altercation between him and several other soldiers. The request was ultimately denied because Lopez had already secured housing in an apartment in Killeen.[6][10][11]

Lopez then went outside to smoke a cigarette, at approximately 4:00 p.m., he returned and opened fire with a .45-caliber Smith & Wesson M&P pistol inside the same building. He injured two soldiers: Sgt. Jonathan Westbrook, one of the soldiers involved in the altercation with Lopez, who was hit four times; and Maj. Patrick Miller, who sheltered other soldiers in his office despite being shot in the stomach.[6][12] Lopez also killed Sgt. First Class Daniel Ferguson, another soldier involved in the altercation, while the latter was barricading a conference room door[6] that couldn't be locked.

He then got into his car and drove slowly to a motor pool building to which he had been assigned, firing at two soldiers and wounding one of them along the way on 73rd Street. Upon reaching the building, Lopez fired at a soldier inside the office, but missed her and grazed the head of another soldier. He then killed Sgt. Timothy Owens when he approached him and tried to talk him down, and wounded another soldier.[6][13] He then moved on to the building's vehicle bay area, where he injured two soldiers, after which his weapon misfired.[6] Lopez then proceeded to the 1st Medical Brigade headquarters in his car.[citation needed]

Along the way, he fired a round into a car occupied by two soldiers, wounding the passenger. Reaching the intersection of 73rd Street and Motorpool Road, Lopez shot at two other soldiers, but missed both of them. Reaching the medical building, Lopez shot and wounded 1st Lt. John Arroyo Jr., in the throat as he was walking outside in the western parking lot.[6][12] He then entered the building and fatally shot a soldier at the main entrance desk, Staff Sgt. Carlos Lazaney-Rodriguez; he also wounded two other soldiers inside. Then, Lopez walked down the main hallway, wounded another soldier, and exited through a doorway.[6]

Approximately eight minutes after the shooting first started, Lopez drove to the parking lot of another building, Building 39002, where he was confronted by an unidentified military police officer, with whom he had a verbal exchange. When he brandished his weapon, the officer fired a shot at him that missed. Lopez responded by committing suicide, shooting himself in the right side of the head with his own pistol. A total of 34 rounds were fired during the shooting spree: eleven at the administrative office, nine at the motor pool building, five at the medical building, and nine from inside his car.[6] It was later revealed that Lopez, who was in uniform at the time of the shooting, wasn't authorized to carry a concealed firearm.[1][9][14][15][16]

Victims

Three people were killed in the shooting, excluding the gunman. They were identified as:[17][18]

Name Age Hometown Rank/occupation Notes
Daniel M. Ferguson 39 Mulberry, Florida, U.S. Sergeant First Class Died while barricading a door
Timothy W. Owens 37 Effingham, Illinois, U.S. Sergeant Died while trying to talk down Lopez
Carlos A. Lazaney-Rodriguez 38 Aguadilla, Puerto Rico Staff Sergeant Died at his post

Aftermath

During the shooting, the Bell County Communications Center dispatched deputies and troopers from the Texas Department of Public Safety to the nearby post after receiving reports of an "active shooter", sheriff's Lt. Donnie Adams said. Federal Bureau of Investigation spokeswoman Michelle Lee said its agents were also headed to the scene. The base confirmed the shooting in a brief statement posted online on April 2, 2014. On its Twitter feed and Facebook page, Fort Hood officials ordered everyone on base to "shelter in place" during the shooting.[19][20][21]

All of the injured victims were taken to Carl R. Darnall Army Medical Center,[22] for initial treatment and stabilization. Once they were stabilized they were then transferred to Scott & White Memorial Hospital where they received further care. As of April 10, twelve of the sixteen wounded have been released from the hospitals and returned to duty, while the other four remain hospitalized in stable condition.[13]

Reacting to the incident, President Barack Obama said at a fundraiser in Chicago that he was left "heartbroken" and assured that the events would be investigated.[23] The base was previously the scene of a mass shooting in 2009, in which 13 people were killed and more than 30 wounded. One week after the shooting, Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama traveled to Fort Hood to attend a ceremony honoring the victims.[13]

On April 16, discussion was renewed over if soldiers should be allowed to carry concealed firearms on military bases in Texas and other states.[24]

On January 23, 2015, the Army concluded from an investigation into the shooting that there was no indication of a possibility of violent behavior from Lopez through his medical and personnel records. A report on the investigation cited that Lopez's commanders knew very little of his personal difficulties and would have provided him with help had he disclosed these difficulties. It also highlighted gaps in information sharing, as Lopez's supervisors believed they were unable to obtain his personal information due to federal medical privacy laws. Previously, in the wake of the aforementioned 2009 Fort Hood shooting, information sharing regarding medical history was among 78 recommendations suggested to identify the risk of violent behavior. However, this recommendation was not implemented due to "constraints on exchanging information between military and civilian behavioral health care providers". The 2015 report recommended improvements with the level of contact between commanders and their newly assigned soldiers, and that soldiers should register personally owned weapons with their commanders.[10][25][26]

Perpetrator

Ivan A. Lopez-Lopez
Ivan Lopez Fort Hood 2014 - from Commons.jpeg
Born
Ivan A. Lopez-Lopez

(1979-10-23)October 23, 1979
DiedApril 2, 2014(2014-04-02) (aged 34)
Cause of deathSelf-inflicted gunshot wound to the head
NationalityAmerican
Occupation11B (Infantry), 88M (Motor Transport Operator)
MotiveDepression, anxiety, anger over being denied leave[9]

Ivan A. Lopez-Lopez[10][25] (October 23, 1979 – April 2, 2014) was an Iraq War veteran who was born in Ponce, Puerto Rico. He enlisted in the Puerto Rico National Guard on January 4, 1999, but was unable to pass a required English language course and was subsequently discharged on November 30 of the same year. Lopez reenlisted on April 30, 2003, as an infantryman and served until 2010. He served on active duty in the United States Army in June 2008. He was married and had four children, two of them from a previous marriage.[6][10][15][16][27][28]

Service in the U.S. Army

Lopez was a specialist, and at the time of the shooting, he was assigned to the 13th Sustainment Command, a logistics and support unit at Fort Hood. He was previously assigned in Fort Bliss, but was transferred to another base for four months, then moved to Fort Hood two months prior to the shooting.[26] Lopez previously reported at Fort Hood in 2006 during his time in the Puerto Rico National Guard, where he was given orders to deploy to Egypt from February 15, 2007, to February 10, 2008.

From August 6 to December 18, 2011, Lopez served a tour in Iraq, participating in Operation New Dawn as security detail. On or about December 12, his convoy was involved in a roadside bombing.[6] Though Lopez would allege that he had experiences in direct combat in Iraq and cited the bombing of his convoy, investigators determined he was not within the blast radius of the bomb used.[11]

On November 29, 2013, he began receiving MOS reclassification training at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, graduating three months later. During his time there, he attempted to purchase a weapon on two separate occasions. On the second occasion, Lopez was persuaded by a classmate to reconsider the purchase.[6]

Motives for the shooting

Lopez was allegedly distraught over financial issues and the deaths of his grandfather and then his mother during a two-month period five months prior to the shooting. He was also undergoing regular psychiatric treatment for depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder.[10][25][29] He tried to take leave in order to attend his mother's funeral in Puerto Rico. It took five days for the leave to be approved, but he was only allowed to be absent for 24 hours, which allegedly upset him. The leave was eventually extended to two days.[16][26][27] More recently, Lopez had asked for a transfer, claiming that he was "being taunted and picked on" by other soldiers in his unit.[29]

During a press conference on the day of the shooting, Fort Hood Commander Mark A. Milley stated that Lopez died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound. On March 1, 2014, over one month prior to the shooting, Lopez purchased the weapon used in the shooting from Guns Galore, the same store where Nidal Malik Hasan, the convicted perpetrator of the Fort Hood shooting in 2009, originally purchased his own weapon. Lopez's weapon was not registered with the installation.[6][17][26][27] He had previously purchased a firearm of the same model, unregistered with the installation, on February 23, although he reported it stolen on March 1, the same day he bought a replacement.[30] During that same month, he had seen a psychologist and was prescribed Ambien for a sleeping problem.[15]

In his Facebook account, Lopez made posts in which he alleged that he was robbed by two men and also criticized Adam Lanza, the perpetrator of the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting in 2012. Lopez also described his experiences in direct combat during his tour in Iraq,[11] although military officials confirmed that Lopez did not experience any direct combat.[31][32] A Facebook page created by Lopez claimed that he was a sniper who had been to the Central African Republic.[26]

On March 24, Lopez's battalion began tracking a ten-day permissive temporary duty (PTDY) request he made immediately after arriving to Fort Hood so he could help his family relocate to an apartment in Killeen, as his current one was burglarized. He was given a four-day pass by his acting sergeant, who informed him that he would receive PTDY after his return. Lopez took the pass from March 27 to March 30. He returned to Fort Hood on March 31, though when he received the PTDY form, it was filled with errors and Lopez had to resubmit it with corrections. Though the corrected form was signed, it did not have a control number, which is reported to have led to the conflict in the 49th Transportation Battalion office that sparked the shooting.[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Welch, William M. (April 7, 2014). "Fort Hood gunman fired 35 shots, including from car". USA Today. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  2. ^ Chandrasekaran, Rajiv; Goldman, Adam; Horwitz, Sari (April 3, 2014). "Gunman in Fort Hood shooting had behavioral issues, authorities say". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  3. ^ "Shooter reported dead at Fort Hood, 14 others injured". KVUE. April 2, 2014. Archived from the original on April 5, 2014. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  4. ^ Berman, Mark (April 2, 2014). "Fort Hood locked down after shooting; at least one dead multiple injuries". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  5. ^ Cooper, Mex (April 2, 2014). "Fort Hood shooter reportedly dead". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "2014 Fort Hood shooting report of investigation". Department of the Army. January 23, 2015. Archived from the original on July 21, 2015. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  7. ^ Stableford, Dylan; Pfeiffer, Eric (April 3, 2014). "Fort Hood shooting leaves 4 dead, including gunman; 16 injured". Yahoo News. Yahoo!. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  8. ^ Herskovitz, Jon (April 2014). "Shooter at Fort Hood Army base in Texas, injuries reported – police". Reuters. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
  9. ^ a b c "Fort Hood shooter snapped over denial of request for leave, Army confirms". Fox News Channel. April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  10. ^ a b c d e Martinez, Luis (January 23, 2015). "Army Report Finds No Warning Signs That Triggered 2014 Fort Hood Shooting". ABC News. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  11. ^ a b c Fernandez, Manny (January 23, 2015). "Fort Hood Could Not Have Foreseen 2014 Gun Attack, Army Says". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Remembering the April 2, 2014, Fort Hood shooting". Killeen Daily Herald. April 2, 2015. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
  13. ^ a b c Baker, Peter; Fernandez, Manny (April 9, 2014). "Again, Obama Offers Comfort at Fort Hood After Soldiers Are Killed". The New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  14. ^ Fernandez, Manny; Blinder, Alan (April 7, 2014). "The New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  15. ^ a b c "Fort Hood Shooting: What We Know About Ivan Lopez". The Huffington Post. April 3, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  16. ^ a b c Sanchez, Ray; Brumfield, Ben (April 3, 2014). "Fort Hood shooter was Iraq vet being treated for mental health issues". CNN. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  17. ^ a b Garza, Lisa Maria; O'Grady, Eileen (April 4, 2014). "'Verbal altercation' may have led to Fort Hood rampage: Army". Reuters. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  18. ^ Ellis, Ralph (April 9, 2014). "Three soldiers slain at Fort Hood identified". CNN. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  19. ^ "Fort Hood". Fort Hood. Twitter. Retrieved April 2, 2014. All personnel on post are asked to shelter in place.
  20. ^ Weissert, Will; Weber, Paul J. (April 2, 2014). "Fort Hood shooter was being assessed for PTSD: Attack leaves four dead and 16 wounded". National Post. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  21. ^ McLaughlin, Michael (April 2, 2014). "Fort Hood Shooting: Multiple Injuries, Death Reported". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  22. ^ "Scott & White press conference". April 2, 2014.
  23. ^ "Obama heartbroken over Shooting at US Army Base in Fort Hood". Indo-Asian News Service. Bihar Prabha. April 3, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  24. ^ Langford, Terri (April 16, 2014). "Fort Hood shooting sparks debate on concealed guns". The Texas Tribune. Houston Chronicle.
  25. ^ a b c Alexander, David (January 23, 2015). "Fort Hood shooter showed no clear warning signs: report". Yahoo! News. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  26. ^ a b c d e Schmall, Emily (January 23, 2015). "Army: Fort Hood lacked system to ID threat of 2014 rampage". Yahoo! News. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  27. ^ a b c Corbin, Cristina (April 3, 2014). "Fort Hood gunman may have had angry words with fellow soldiers before rampage, Army says". Fox News Channel. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  28. ^ Martinez, Luis (April 3, 2014). "Fort Hood Shooter Had Lengthy but Unremarkable Military Career". ABC News. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  29. ^ a b Starr, Barbara; Brown, Pamela (April 7, 2014). "Official: Fort Hood gunman claimed he was picked on by fellow soldiers". CNN.
  30. ^ "Report: No Single Factor Led To Fort Hood Shooting Rampage". KWTX-TV. January 23, 2015. Archived from the original on January 26, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  31. ^ Coscarelli, Joe (April 4, 2014). "Fort Hood Shooter Ivan Lopez Never Saw Combat". New York. Retrieved April 12, 2014.
  32. ^ Sanchez, Ray (April 5, 2014). "Fort Hood gunman vented on Facebook about Sandy Hook shooter, Iraq". CNN. Retrieved April 12, 2014.

2 April 1982

Argentina invades the Falkland Islands.

The Falkland Islands were first settled by the French – in 1764 Louis Antoine de Bougainville established a settlement there. The British turned up some time later, but left in 1774. They did leave a note saying not to touch them, however, because they belonged to King George.

By the time the British did return in 1833, Argentina had claimed the islands, and had stationed a garrison there to back this up. But they were booted out, and the islands have been in British hands ever since.

Well, apart from 74 days in 1982.

In the 1980s, Argentina was having a few political and economic problems. The 1976 coup had left a military junta in charge. But by the early ’80s, it was becoming increasingly unpopular, with a collapsing economy, rampant inflation, and government death squads ‘disappearing’ thousands of political opponents.

To divert the public’s attention from all the unpleasantness, General Leopoldo Galtieri decided to whip up a bit of nationalistic fervour by reclaiming the ‘Malvinas’ for the motherland.

And so, on 2 April 1982, 3,000 Argentinian troops landed, quickly put an end to the resistance of the 80 or so Royal Marines, and raised the Argentinian flag over Government House.

But if Argentina thought Britain would just give up their remote windswept possession 8,000 miles away, they were wrong. Mrs Thatcher, her own popularity waning, decided to fight back.

A naval task force was dispatched within days. Vulcan bombers flew raids from Ascension Island, 4,000 miles away, in an attempt to put the Port Stanley airport out of action. Harrier jump jets played a starring role. Foreign correspondents made their names.

The bitter war lasted just ten weeks. By 14 June, it was all over. Britain had retaken the islands. Over 900 people were dead.

2 April 1982

Argentina invades the Falkland Islands.

 

Argentine amphibious forces rapidly overcame the small garrison of British marines at the town of Stanley on East Falkland and the next day seized the dependent territories of South Georgia and the South Sandwich group. The 1,800 Falkland Islanders, mostly English-speaking sheep farmers, awaited a British response.

The Falkland Islands, located about 300 miles off the southern tip of Argentina, had long been claimed by the British. British navigator John Davis may have sighted the islands in 1592, and in 1690 British Navy Captain John Strong made the first recorded landing on the islands. He named them after Viscount Falkland, who was the First Lord of the Admiralty at the time. In 1764, French navigator Louis-Antoine de Bougainville founded the islands’ first human settlement, on East Falkland, which was taken over by the Spanish in 1767. In 1765, the British settled West Falkland but left in 1774 for economic reasons. Spain abandoned its settlement in 1811.

In 1816 Argentina declared its independence from Spain and in 1820 proclaimed its sovereignty over the Falklands. The Argentines built a fort on East Falkland, but in 1832 it was destroyed by the USS Lexington in retaliation for the seizure of U.S. seal ships in the area. In 1833, a British force expelled the remaining Argentine officials and began a military occupation. In 1841, a British lieutenant governor was appointed, and by the 1880s a British community of some 1,800 people on the islands was self-supporting. In 1892, the wind-blown Falkland Islands were collectively granted colonial status.

For the next 90 years, life on the Falklands remained much unchanged, despite persistent diplomatic efforts by Argentina to regain control of the islands. In 1981, the Falkland Islanders voted in a referendum to remain British, and it seemed unlikely that the Falklands would ever revert to Argentine rule. Meanwhile, in Argentina, the military junta led by Lieutenant General Leopoldo Galtieri was suffering criticism for its oppressive rule and economic management, and planned the Falklands invasion as a means of promoting patriotic feeling and propping up its regime.

In March 1982, Argentine salvage workers occupied South Georgia Island, and a full-scale invasion of the Falklands began on April 2. Under orders from their commanders, the Argentine troops inflicted no British casualties, despite suffering losses to their own units. Nevertheless, Britain was outraged, and Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher assembled a naval task force of 30 warships to retake the islands. As Britain is 8,000 miles from the Falklands, it took several weeks for the British warships to arrive. On April 25, South Georgia Island was retaken, and after several intensive naval battles fought around the Falklands, British troops landed on East Falkland on May 21. After several weeks of fighting, the large Argentine garrison at Stanley surrendered on June 14, effectively ending the conflict.

Britain lost five ships and 256 lives in the fight to regain the Falklands, and Argentina lost its only cruiser and 750 lives. Humiliated in the Falklands War, the Argentine military was swept from power in 1983, and civilian rule was restored. In Britain, Margaret Thatcher’s popularity soared after the conflict, and her Conservative Party won a landslide victory in 1983 parliamentary elections.

2 April 1982

Argentina invades the Falkland Islands leading to the Falklands War.

 photo 8acd6819af326712dff0e80b6c943fa4_zpsr9cdzmvi.jpg

On April 2nd, 1982, a large Argentine military force landed on the Falkland Islands and occupied them. To the British, this was a flagrant violation of international law. Despite American intervention at a diplomatic level led by Secretary of State Al Haig, the Argentine military junta led by General Galtieri refused to take their men off the island. This led to a British military response.

This would be the standard British explanation as to why the war stated – the illegal occupation of the Falklands by the Argentine military and the refusal of the Argentine government to remove their men sent there.However, in Argentina, the move into the Malvinas, as the Falklands are known in Argentina, would have had a different slant. The Argentine junta argued that the British ‘occupation’ of the islands was a throwback to the days of the British Empire whereby Britain had used its military might – especially its navy – to take land which simply did not belong to London. The argument held by the Argentine government and seemingly by many people in Argentina, was that the islands, being just 200 miles to the east of the Argentine mainland, belonged to the nearest country of any importance – Argentina.