13 May 1971

Over 900 Bengali Hindus are murdered in the Demra massacre.

Demra massacre in Bangladesh was the massacre of unarmed Hindu residents of the villages under Demra Union in present-day Faridpur Upazila in Pabna District by the Pakistani occupation army aided by local collaborators on 13 May 1971. It is estimated that 800–900 people were killed in a single day. Rape and plunder were also carried out, and mosques, temples, schools and houses were set on fire.

When the Pakistani occupation army spread out from Dhaka towards the districts as a part of the Operation Searchlight, the people began to flee their homes. The Hindus began to flee Bangladesh and take refuge in neighbouring India. On their way they had taken shelter in the remote village of Baushgari in Demra union.

he Pakistani occupation army, led by the local collaborators entered the area through the Boral river and then cordoned off the Baushgari and Rupsi villages. One collaborator named Asad led the Pakistani troops to the Baushgari village. In the nightfall, the men were dragged out of their houses and made to stand in a line, while the women were raped in front of them by the Pakistani troops with the help of the collaborators. After that both the men and women were shot to death and their houses were set on fire. A few survivors interred the charred remains of the bodies in a mass grave the next morning. Around 350 Hindus were killed in Baushgari village.

An 11-member team from the International Crimes Tribunal investigated the Demra massacre in 2010. The team was led by Sayed Rejaur Rahman, one of the prosecutors of the tribunal. The investigators visited the killing spots in Baushgari village and interviewed the witnesses to the war crimes. In their preliminary investigation they found Motiur Rahman Nizami guilty of masterminding the massacre.

13 May 1995

Alison Hargreaves becomes the first woman to conquer Everest without oxygen or the help of sherpas.

In 1995, Hargreaves determined to climb, unaided, the three highest mountains in the world, Mount Everest, K2, and Kangchenjunga. She made her first attempt of Everest in 1994 but abandoned the climb at just 450 metres because of frostbite. She was determined to go again and in one year’s time, she did. On 13 May 1995 Hargreaves made history when she reached the top of Mount Everest, becoming the first woman and only the second person in history to reach the 8,847.7-metre summit without supplemental oxygen, sherpas, or any other companionship. At the top, she immediately radioed her base camp and had a fax sent to her two children, then aged six and four, reading, “I am on the top of the world and I love you dearly.”

Jubilant with success, Hargreaves quickly planned her next expedition and just two weeks after returning home from Everest, left for K2 in Pakistan. At 8,600 metres, the peak in Pakistan is the second-highest mountain in the world, and, due to wild weather and fierce winds, one of the most daunting to climb. After a stormy and challenging climb, Hargreaves reached K2’s summit on 17 July. However, on 13 August 1995, exactly three months after she made history on Everest, Hargreaves made history again when a horrific storm took her life, along with those of her five fellow mountaineers.