13 August 2015

At least 76 people are killed and 212 others are wounded in a truck bombing in Baghdad, Iraq.

August 2015 Baghdad bombing

2015 Baghdad market truck bombing
Part of Iraqi Civil War
LocationSadr City, Baghdad, Iraq
Coordinates33°23′20″N 44°27′30″E / 33.38889°N 44.45833°E / 33.38889; 44.45833
Date13 August 2015 (2015-08-13)
TargetShiite civilians
Attack type
Mass murder, truck bomb
WeaponsTruck bombs
DeathsAt least 76[1]
InjuredAt least 212[1]
PerpetratorsIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)[1]

The 2015 Baghdad market truck bombing was a truck bomb attack on 13 August 2015, targeting a Baghdad food market in Sadr City, a predominantly Shi'ite neighborhood.

Attack

On 13 August 2015, shortly after 06:00 local time (03:00 UTC), a bomb-packed refrigeration truck was detonated in Sadr City. As of 13 August 2015, at least 76 people were confirmed to have been killed in the bombing, with at least 212 more injured. The market in the Shi'ite neighborhood is one of the biggest in Baghdad selling wholesale food items. This incident caused much resent against the government for the continued terror attacks in the city.[1][2][3]

Responsibility

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility for the attack,[1][4] stating that "God has enabled the soldiers of the Islamic State to detonate a parked, booby-trapped truck amid a gathering of apostates in one of their most important Shiite majority strongholds, in Sadr City."[5] According to the group, the attack targeted members of Iraq's Popular Mobilization Forces, largely comprising Shi'ite militias allied with the Iraqi government. However, CNN reported the top United Nations official in Iraq, Gyorgy Busztin, as saying that the victims were "innocent civilians."[6]

Aftermath

In response to the attack, local residents attacked police and security responders, blaming the government for continued attacks in Baghdad.[7]

Shiite lawmaker Hakim al-Zamili, head of Iraq's parliamentary security committee, called for a review of security procedures, including the establishment of local patrols, as well as enhancing the country's intelligence capabilities.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Islamic State claims huge truck bomb attack in Baghdad's Sadr City". Reuters. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  2. ^ "Isis bombing leaves scores dead at market in Baghdad". The Guardian. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  3. ^ "Baghdad truck bomb: More than 60 dead after explosion in busy Iraq marketplace". The Independent. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Truck Bombing at Baghdad Market Kills 62; IS Claims Blast". 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Truck Bomb Kills About 60 at Market in Baghdad Neighborhood of Sadr City". The New York Times. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Blast at Baghdad market kills dozens; ISIS claims responsibility". CNN. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Scores Killed in Baghdad Truck Bomb". The Wall Street Journal. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.
  8. ^ "Truck bomb targeting Shiites kills 67 at Baghdad market". The Washington Post. 13 August 2015. Retrieved 13 August 2015.

13 August 1645

Sweden and Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro.

The Second Treaty of Brömsebro or the Peace of Brömsebro was signed on 13 August 1645, and ended the Torstenson War, a local conflict that began in 1643 and was part of the larger Thirty Years’ War between Sweden and Denmark-Norway. Negotiations for the treaty began in February the same year.

Location
The eastern border between the then Danish province of Blekinge and the Swedish province of Småland was formed by the creek Brömsebäck. In this creek lies an islet that was connected to the Danish and Swedish riversides by bridges. On the islet was a stone that was supposed to mark the exact border between the two countries. By this stone, the delegates met to exchange greetings and, at the end of the negotiations, the signed documents. The Danish delegation stayed in Kristianopel while the Swedish side had their accommodation in Söderåkra.

Delegations
Sweden’s highest ranking representative was Lord High Chancellor Axel Oxenstierna. He was accompanied by, among others, Johan Skytte, who died during the negotiations and was replaced by Ture Sparre.

Corfitz Ulfeldt and Chancellor Christen Thomesen Sehested were the chief negotiators of the Danish delegation.

The French diplomat Gaspard Coignet de la Thuillerie was head mediator and observers from the Hanseatic League, Portugal, Stralsund and Mecklenburg followed the negotiations.

13 August 1905

Norway votes to end the union with Sweden.

Norwegian_storting_2005_06_07The dissolution of the union between the kingdoms of Norway and Sweden under the House of Bernadotte, was set in motion by a resolution of the Norwegian Parliament on 7 June 1905. Following some months of tension and fear of war between the neighboring nations and a Norwegian plebiscite held on 13 August which overwhelmingly backed dissolution negotiations between the two governments led to Sweden’s recognition of Norway as an independent constitutional monarchy on 26 October 1905.

On that date, King Oscar II renounced his claim to the Norwegian throne, effectively dissolving the United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway, and this event was swiftly followed, on 18 November, by the accession to the Norwegian throne of Prince Carl of Denmark, taking the name of Haakon VII.

The plebiscite was held on 13 August and resulted in an overwhelming 368,208 votes in favor of confirming the dissolution of the union against only 184 opposed. It is one of the most lopsided referenda in history.

The government thereby had confirmation of the dissolution. 85 percent of Norwegian men had cast their votes, but no women as universal suffrage was not extended to women until 1913. Norwegian feminists however collected 279,878 signatures in favor of dissolution.

Polar explorer Fridtjof Nansen weighed in heavily for dissolving the union and traveled to the United Kingdom, where he successfully lobbied for British support for Norway’s independence movement.