The San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit system begins passenger service.
A total of 315 people are killed in two garment factory fires in Pakistan.
|Date||11 September 2012|
|Cause||Various ignition sources: (still under investigation)|
|Karachi Fire: 289 people killed by smoke inhalation, burns and stampede|
|Lahore Fire: 25 people killed by smoke inhalation, burns and stampede|
Garment factories in the Pakistani cities of Karachi and Lahore caught fire on 11 September 2012. The fires occurred in a textile factory in the western part of Karachi and in a shoe making factory in Lahore. The fires are considered to be the most deadly and worst industrial factory fires in Pakistan's history, killing 289 people and seriously injuring more than 600.
Pakistan has one of the largest labour and manpower resources in the world, due to its large population. According to data produced by the CIA World Factbook, the total number of Pakistan's labour force is 58.4 million, making it the 10th largest country in terms of available human workforce. About 20.1% of labour force is involved in industry. The conditions under which Pakistan's blue-collar labour works have often been raised by trade unions and workers' rights organisations. There is also a controversial, yet wide use of child labour in Pakistan.
The garment factory "Ali Enterprises", which is located in Plot 67, Hub Road, Baldia Town, Karachi, used to export its garments to Europe and the United States, and had employed between 1,200 and 1,500 workers. Ali Enterprises manufactured denim, knitted garments, and hosiery, and had capital of between $10 million and $50 million. Workers at Ali Enterprises said they earned between 5,000 and 10,000 rupees ($52 to $104) a month for their labour. The factory manufactured jeans for textile discounter KiK. KiK claimed to control enforcement of labour laws and security standards of its suppliers. However, a security check in 2007 revealed deficiencies in fire protection of the Karachi plant, which KiK claimed were fixed by 2011. According to the Pakistani Textile Workers Union (NTUF), a high working pressure and overtime with unpaid additional work were frequent at the factory. A few weeks prior to the fire, the factory passed an internationally recognised safety test. The factory is also suspected of using child labour and locked workplaces analogous to prison cells. The owner of the factory, Abdul Aziz, had reportedly prevented inspections of the factory.
Karachi Baldia Town factory
A private garment factory lit on fire and the flames ignited chemicals that were stored in the factory. The Baldia Town factory inferno case took a dramatic turn on Friday 7 Feb 2015 when a report by Rangers claimed that the MQM was behind the deadly fire that claimed the lives of at least 258 factory workers. MQM set fire factory to take Extortion money from owners.
The report prepared by a joint investigation team (JIT) was submitted to the Sindh High Court by an additional attorney general, along with a statement of the deputy assistant judge advocate general of Rangers, Major Ashfaque Ahmed.
The statement said the information had been disclosed by suspect Mohammad Rizwan Qureshi, an alleged worker of the MQM, on June 22, 2013 during joint investigation of the factory inferno. According to the JIT report, the MQM worker revealed that a “well-known party high official” had demanded Rs200 million as Bhatta (extortion money) though his frontman from Ali Enterprises, the owners of the ill-fated factory, in Aug 2012.
Between 300 and 400 workers were inside the factory when the blaze erupted. Officials said that all the exit doors in the factory were locked and many of the windows of the factory were covered with iron bars, which made it difficult for workers to escape at the time of the fire and consequently many of the deaths were caused by suffocation. Baldia Town Factory owner names MQM lawmakers, Ex governor sindh Ishrat ul Ibad and ex chief of CPLC Ahmed Chinoy.
A documentary film is prepared on Factory fire name Discount workers in year 2020 
The shoemaking factory is located on Band Road in Gulshan-i-Ravi in Lahore. It caught fire when sparks from a faulty electricity generator flew into chemicals. The generator was installed in the garage of the factory compound, which was also the only entry and exit point of the factory.
Source: Sindh Law enforcement JIT Report Issued on 07 Feb 2015
The Baldia Town factory inferno case took a dramatic turn when a report by Rangers claimed that the Muttahida Qaumi Movement was behind the deadly fire that claimed the lives of at least 258 factory workers.
The report prepared by a joint investigation team (JIT) was submitted to the Sindh High Court by an additional attorney general, along with a statement of the deputy assistant judge advocate general of Rangers, Major Ashfaque Ahmed.
The statement said the information had been disclosed by suspect Mohammad Rizwan Qureshi, an alleged worker of the MQM, on June 22, 2013 during joint investigation of the factory inferno.
Source: Joint Investigation Team report submitted to the Sindh High Court
According to the JIT report, the MQM worker revealed that a “well-known party high official” had demanded Rs200 million as Bhatta (extortion money) though his frontman from Ali Enterprises, the owners of the ill-fated factory, in Aug 2012.
One of the factory owners in Karachi, Arshad Bhaila, claimed that the fire first broke out in the warehouse and that he called the fire brigade, which arrived about 90 minutes late. The New York Times reported that the local fire department arrived 75 minutes after the fire started.
A judicial inquiry headed by Justice Zahid Qurban Alvi reported that a short circuit caused the fire. The report cited several factors that exacerbated the situation leading to the loss of life, including the late arrival of fire tenders, the lack of fire hydrants, and traffic congestion. The tribunal was highly critical of the factory owners and government, which failed to enforce the law. It also criticized the police's forensic department for failing to conduct a scientific investigation.
On 14 September, Justice Hassan Azhar of Sindh High Court Larkana Bench approved Rs. 500,000 bail for factory owners Abdul Aziz, Shahid Bhaila and Arshad Bhaila. All the bank accounts of the owners and the company are frozen and the owners are not allowed to leave the country as they are on exit control list. The owners are facing charges of pre-meditated murder. The Deputy General Secretary of the Pakistan National Federation of Trade Unions (PNFTU) Nasir Manoor said that the owner of the factory, Abdul Aziz, must have fled from the country despite having his name on the Exit Control List (ECL) and he would return only after the issue was off the media radar. The Sindh Building Control Authority (SBCA) denied allegations that it was involved in the approval of the building plans for the Baldia Town garment factory. The C.E.O. of Ali Enterprises, Shahid Bhalia, son of the factory's owner, said that he was innocent and was ready to appear before any court and provide compensation to the victims and their families.
President Asif Ali Zardari expressed grave concern over the rising toll in the fire incident. He also consoled the bereaved families and directed the authorities concerned to ensure that the best medical assistance was provided to the affected people.had called for a report on fire incidents in Karachi and Lahore from the governors of the two provinces.
Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, who was on an official trip to China, telephoned Punjab Governor Sardar Latif Khosa and Chief Minister Mian Shahbaz Sharif to express his grief and shock over the incident in Lahore. He also called Sindh Governor Dr Ishratul Ebad to learn about the latest situation regarding the Karachi factory fire. Ashraf also gave his heartfelt condolences and sympathies to the victims' families. He asked the governors and chief ministers to extend all out assistance and cooperation to the affected people.
Sindh Minister for Industry and Commerce Rauf Siddique announced his resignation as a result of the incidence. The Muttahida Qaumi Movement announced three days of mourning. The Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry and judges of the Supreme Court of Pakistan also offered condolences and prayed for the victims.
Governor of Sindh Ishrat-ul-Ibad Khan has expressed grief over the loss of life in the fire incident and expressed sympathy with the injured of the incident. He then directed the officials concerned to utilise all available resources to control the blaze and ordered an inquiry into the incident. He has also directed the respective authorities to ensure the victims do not face any problems in their treatment and recovery. He also prayed for the early recovery of the injured.
Pakistan's parliament then unanimously passed a resolution asking provincial and federal authorities to fully investigate the accidents. According to the Geo TV, under Factory Act 1934, the owner will have to pay only Rs. 5000 in penalty over negligence in the protection of workers. The leader of Pakistan Muslim League (N) (PML-N), Nawaz Sharif has announced Rs. 300,000 in aid to the families of those killed in this incident. On 13 September it was reported that the Sind provincial government would offer financial compensation of Rs. 500,000s to the families of the dead victims and Rs. 50,000 to those who had been injured, while the city's power utility company, KESC, announced they would waive all outstanding balances of the victims as a goodwill gesture. Sindh Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah also announced further compensation of Rs. 300,000 for the families of the dead and Rs. 50,000 for those who had been injured.
Real estate tycoon Malik Riaz Hussain also announced cash assistance of Rs. 200,000 for the family members of those killed in both the factory fires and Rs. 100,000 for those who had been injured. Zohra Yusuf, Chair of The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has urged government officials to initiate a full probe of the disaster and conditions surrounding the facilities, echoing claims made from the head of fire fighting that factory was dangerous.
- The International Labour Organization's Country Director Francesco d'Ovidio said that akin to other developing countries, working and safety conditions in Pakistan's industrial sector were inadequate. Though the ILO is acquainted with the issues, it acknowledged that it could not be resolved quickly. He said: "The ILO is aware that there are a lot of factories in Pakistan that are scattered [and] many of them are not registered, so it is very difficult to implement the law. It is very important to ensure that all these factories are registered so that it is possible to follow the situation in all these factories." He further pointed to the need for effective inspection and monitoring, but added that shutting down the illegal and unregistered units would not help as it could lead to massive unemployment.
- China: Ambassador Liu Jian called on Minister of State for Foreign Affairs Malik Amad Khan on 13 September to convey his condolences on behalf of the government and people of China. He also presented cheques of Rs. 3 million on behalf of the Chinese government for the families of victims.
- France: The embassy quoted a Ministry of Foreign Affairs statement: "We were deeply shocked to learn that two fires in Pakistan - in Karachi and in Lahore - have, according to the latest report, resulted in the death of more than 200 people. In these painful circumstances, we extend our condolences to the families and friends of the victims."
- India: Prime Minister Manmohan Singh offered his condolences to his Pakistani counterpart, Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, saying: "I was deeply saddened to learn of the loss of lives in the fire accidents in Karachi and Lahore on Tuesday, 11 September. On behalf of the government and the people of India, and on my own behalf, I convey our deepest condolences to the families of the victims of the two tragedies."
- Iran: President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad offered condolences to the Pakistani government and the country saying: "The news on getting killed and wounded of a large number of your good self's citizens following two vast and horrendous fire incidents in cities of Karachi and Lahore deeply saddened and depressed us, and that while condoling with you, the Pakistan government, and noble Pakistani nation, personally, and on behalf of the Iranian government and the great Iranian nation, I pray to Almighty Allah for the salvation of the souls of the bygone victims, fast recovery of the injured victims, patience for the victims' bereaved families, and prosperity and wellbeing for the friend and brother Pakistani nation."
- Qatar: Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani sent a cable to Pakistani President Asif Ali Zardari expressing his condolences and sympathies to the families of victims. Deputy Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani and Prime Minister Hamad bin Jassem bin Jabor Al Thani sent a similar cable to Zardari.
- United Kingdom: Baroness Warsi, senior minister of state for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, also expressed her grief and said: "I am deeply saddened to learn of the tragic loss of life caused by devastating factory fires in Karachi and Lahore and to hear that so many of the victims were children. I send my heartfelt condolences to the families and friends of all the victims. Our thoughts and prayers are with them."
- United States: The chargé d'affaires at the U.S. embassy, Richard Hoagland, offered condolences in a press release. on behalf of the U.S. government and its people to Pakistan Lahore Consul General Nina Maria Fite also extended condolences on behalf of the consulate and the U.S. people: "I would like to offer our deepest condolences to the victims of the tragic fire incidents that together claimed so many innocent lives."
- The Asian Human Rights Commission conveyed its "sincere condolences to the families who lost loved ones and friends in these fires and calls on the government of Pakistan to ensure a credible and transparent investigation into their cause."
- Mansoor, Kamran (12 September 2012). "Karachi inferno toll hits 298". The News International. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Shah, Imtiaz; Akhtar Soomro (12 September 2012). "Fires engulf Pakistan factories killing 314 workers". Reuters. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Pakistan: Hundreds Die In Factory Blazes". Yahoo! News. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "289 killed in Karachi factory fire in Pakistan". China Daily. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Zia ur-Rehman; Declan Walsh & Salman Masood (12 September 2012). "Pakistan Factory Fires Kill More Than 300". The New York Times. NYT Asia Pacific. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Chaudary, K.M. (12 September 2012). "Death toll in Pakistani fires hits 314". The Irish Times. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Labor force – CIA". Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Field Listing –- Labor force –- CIA". Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Human error not the cause of fire, says municipal official". Business Recorder. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Karachi factory fire highlights risks for workers". The Dawn. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Germany, SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg. "250 Brandopfer in Pakistan: Katastrophenfabrik produzierte für Discounter Kik". Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- Cath Turner (22 September 2012). "Pakistan plant certified safe before disaster [video]". Al Jazeera.
- Declan Walsh; Steven Greenhouse (19 September 2012). "Inspectors Certified Pakistani Factory as Safe Before Disaster". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2012.
- Tanoli, Qadeer (12 September 2012). "No killed worker had appointment letter". The News International. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Deadly factory fire: Activist says MQM men ignited Baldia blaze: Rangers | The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 15 March 2015. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- Siddiqui, Tahir (7 February 2015). "Rangers' report blames MQM for Baldia factory fire". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 22 September 2018.
- "Karachi factory fire: All emergency exits were locked". CNN-IBN. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Sahoutara, Naeem (20 September 2019). "Owner names MQM lawmaker, six others in Baldia factory fire case". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- "Baldia factory fire: Owners reveal details of extortion". www.geo.tv. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
- Inspectors Certified Pakistani Factory as Safe Before Disaster The New York Times, 2012.
- "Pakistan: Lahore and Karachi fires kill 32". BBC News. 11 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Baldia Town Karachi Factory Fire's Latest Reports - PIADS". Archived from the original on 24 February 2015. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- Declan Walsh; Steven Greenhouse (7 December 2012). "Certified Safe, a Factory in Karachi Still Quickly Burned". The New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- Tunio, Hafeez (4 December 2012). "Baldia factory fire: Short circuit, all of Karachi to blame for tragedy, says tribunal". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- Memon, Sarfaraz (14 September 2012). "Karachi factory fire: Court grants bail to factory owners". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- web edition. "Khi fire: Owners accounts to be frozen". The News. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- web page. "Case lodged against factory owners". The News. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "SITE responsible for Baldia factory building plan, says SBCA". The News International. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Zafar, Abdullah Zafar (13 September 2012). "Karachi factory fire: Owner says ready to compensate victims". News Tribe. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Karachi inferno toll hits 298". The News. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "Rauf Siddiqui resigns over Karachi factory fire". The Dawn. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Online. "Karachi Inferno: Factory cleared after 41 hours". The Nation. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "Will mere condolences heal the wounds of heirs?". The Nation. 13 September 2012. Archived from the original on 15 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Gul, Ayaz (13 September 2012). "Catastrophic Pakistan Fires Prompt for Calls Tighter Safety Laws". Voice of America. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Factory Act: Only Rs.500 penalty over negligence". Geo TV. 14 September 2012. Archived from the original on 18 April 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Factory fire tragedy: Punjab government announces Rs. 3 lacs aid package for victims". The Dawn. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Javeria, Nasir. "Karachi Fire: Govt announces compensation for affected families". AAJ News. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Fire in Karachi garment factory kills over 300". The First Post. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- Recorder Report (13 September 2012). "Human error not the cause of fire, says municipal official". Business Recorder. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Rs 500,000 compensation for each dead in shoe factory fire incident". Business Recorder. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Malik Riaz announces cash aid for fire victims". Daily Times. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "China, France, US condole with fire victims' families". Daily Times. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "France extends condolences to bereaved families". Business Recorder. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Manmohan Singh expresses condolences over Pakistan fire tragedies". The ExpressTribune. 15 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Iran Condoles with Pakistan over Tragic Fire Accident". Fars News Agency. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Iran offers condolences to Pakistan over factory fires". Press TV. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Emir condoles fire tragedy in Pakistan". The Peninsula. 15 September 2012. Archived from the original on 4 February 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Warsi expresses grief over deaths in factory fires". Daily Times. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "Statement by Charge d'affaires Richard Hoagland on the Tragic Factory Fires". US embassy in Islamanad. Archived from the original on 19 February 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
- "US saddened over heavy loss of life in Karachi fire". Business Recorder. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "China, France, US condole with fire victims' families". Daily Times. 14 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
- "PAKISTAN: Over 300 labourers killed in fires -- a total collapse of the state". Asian Human Rights Commission. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012.
A major Channel Tunnel fire breaks out on a freight train, resulting in the closure of part of the tunnel for six months.
When a fire closed the Channel Tunnel in 11 September 2008, the struggling operator Eurotunnel no doubt consoled itself with one thought: its insurers would pay up. More than two years and a half years later, however, Eurotunnel remains embroiled in a legal battle with the train operators that use its infrastructure between Britain and the Continent.
Consequently, like any punter kept waiting for their car or contents insurer to pay out, Eurotunnel – the operator of the 30-mile road and rail link – is feeling the financial pain of a delay in receiving one of the biggest ever corporate insurance payouts. Yesterday, the rail operator swung to a €57m loss for 2010, compared with a profit of €7m the previous year, and it blamed its woes firmly on the “freezing of €59m of indemnities”, although it was paid €11m of this in February.
However, what makes the dispute more colourful is that this freezing is the result of the rail operators who use the tunnel, Eurostar and SNCF, lodging a claim in 2009 against the same insurance claim lodged by Eurotunnel itself, instead of seeking indemnities through their own insurers. In simple terms, Eurostar and SNCF sought compensation from an insurance policy that they were not even paying for.
While Eurostar declined to comment on the matter, an extract from Eurotunnel’s 2009 accounts suggests that it and SNCF felt that because the fire resulted in disruption to their businesses from an incident outside the remit of their own insurance policies, they should lodge a claim for compensation with Eurotunnel’s insurers.
In the report, the tunnel operator said: “Eurotunnel’s insurers have received from the railways a claim for compensation relating to the fire on 11 September 2008 in respect of their own operating losses, as the railways consider that Eurotunnel’s insurers should also compensate them for their operating losses following the fire.”
Certainly, it is fair to say that Eurotunnel probably did not expect to be facing a legal battle so long after the fire in September 2008, which led to it closing one-sixth of the tunnel for about five months. Eurotunnel has put the total cost of the damage caused by the fire at about €290m, including the rebuilding of the affected tunnel, compensation for the loss of an entire freight train, and its operating losses.
After Eurostar lodged its claim in May 2009 at a commercial court in Paris, the French court froze the part of the process relating to the outstanding indemnity of €48m. Jacques Gounon, the chairman of Eurotunnel, said: “The delay in payment of the insurance indemnities has impacted heavily on our net result but the group is working to rectify this situation.”
Eurotunnel said the €57m loss in 2010 was due to the absence of insurance payouts, as well as €4.5m linked to the reconditioning of a shuttle.
Aside from the insurance dispute, Eurotunnel said its revenues rose by 26 per cent to €737m last year. Stripping out the financial impact of its insurance battles, it expects to break even this year. The number of Eurostar passengers grew by 3 per cent to 9.5m in 2010.
Eurotunnel’s path to reinvention has been long and tortuous, with the trouble starting almost as soon as the company was formed in 1986.
Delays and disputes with contractors pushed the tunnel’s opening date back from May 1993 to November 1994, and the cost ballooned from £4.7bn to £9.5bn, of which an eye-watering £8bn was debt.
A major fire in Channel Tunnel broke out on a freight train. Part of the tunnel is closed for 6 months.
Firefighters endured extreme temperatures and cramped quarters as they extinguished an intense blaze in the undersea train tunnel that has revolutionized travel between France and England.
The fire deep under the English Channel left the British Isles cut off for more than a day from continental Europe other than by sea or air – the only routes that existed before the undersea tunnel opened to passengers in 1994.
Laboring through the night, firefighters painstakingly worked toward each other from separate ends in France and Britain to combat the blaze, which broke out Thursday afternoon aboard one of the trains that whiz back and forth through the 30-mile tunnel, transporting trucks and holidaymakers’ cars.
Firefighters spent no more than 15 minutes at a time inside the tunnel, because of the intense temperatures of up to around 1,830 degrees. The blaze was declared extinguished around midday.
Five of 14 people injured remained in hospitals Friday, said prosecutor Gerald Lesigne, who was investigating the blaze. Officials said some people had inhaled large quantities of smoke; others hurt their hands by breaking the train’s windows to escape.
Officials appeared to rule out terrorism as a cause of the blaze, one of the most serious incidents in the history of the tunnel that has made day trips between Paris and London possible by high-speed train.
The fire was in the tunnel that runs from England to France. Its burned sections could be closed for weeks.The tunnel has had a few fires in the past, including one in 1996 that shut freight traffic for months.
People suffered smoke inhalation injuries because they evacuated the train themselves before tunnel operators had ventilated away the smoke, as safety procedures call for.
Melbourne hosts World Economic Forum which where disrupted by the S11 protests.
Two hijacked aircraft crash into the World Trade Center in New York City, while a third smashes into The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia, and a fourth into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, in a series of coordinated suicide attacks by 19 members of al-Qaeda. In total 2,996 people are killed.
The USA embassy in Benghazi, Libya is attacked. Four are killed.
The last person dies of smallpox.
Nearly 3,000 people are killed in the USA after three hijacked aircraft are deliberately crashed in a terrorist attack.
Attacks take place in the United States with plane hijackings resulting in the collapse of the World Trade Center, damage to The Pentagon and the crashing of a passenger airliner in Pennsylvania.