Boko Haram militants destroy the entire town of Baga in north-east Nigeria, starting the Baga massacre and killing as many as 2,000 people
On the orders of the President of Pakistan, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, paramilitary forces opened fire on peaceful protesting workers in Multan, Pakistan; it is known as 1978 massacre at Multan Colony Textile Mills
The ARPANET officially changes to using TCP/IP, the Internet Protocol, effectively creating the Internet.
Vietnam War: Operation Linebacker II ends.
Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over one million lives.
South Australia and Adelaide are founded.
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin orders the “liquidation of the kulaks as a class”.
Marie and Pierre Curie announce the isolation of radium.
World War II: Battle of Hong Kong ends, beginning the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong.