The first prisoners arrive at a newly built concentration camp at Auschwitz.
Croatians vote for independence in a referendum.
The Siege of Vicksburg begins.
Prince Charles calls a proposed addition to the National Gallery, London, a “monstrous carbuncle on the face of a much-loved and elegant friend”, sparking controversies on the proper role of the Royal Family and the course of modern architecture.
Pope Benedict XV canonizes Joan of Arc.
The Treaty of Westphalia is signed.
The United States space station, Skylab is launched.
Over 900 unarmed Bengali Hindus are murdered in what became known as the Demra massacre.
The Soviet Union lifts its blockade of Berlin.
India conducts three underground atomic tests in Pokhran.