The first car race takes place at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
The French astronomer, Pierre Janssen discovers helium.
Peter Fechter is shot and bleeds to death while trying to cross the new Berlin Wall.
Police in South Africa fatally shoot 34 miners and wound 78 more during an industrial dispute at Marikana near Rustenburg.
French forces end the bombardment of Brussels.
The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the longest-running release in film history, opens in London.
Sweden and Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro.
Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery.
The last United States ground combat unit leaves South Vietnam (Vietnam War).
The Battle of St. Quentin in which the Spanish have a victory over the French in the Italian War of 1551–59.